Commercial vehicle registrations: +3.2% in 2018; -4.0% in December


Brussels, 24 January 2019 – In December 2018, commercial vehicle registrations across the EU were down 4.0% compared to the last month of 2017.

Commercial vehicle registrations: +3.2% in 2018; -4.0% in December

Total new commercial

In December 2018, commercial vehicle registrations across the EU were down 4.0% compared to the last month of 2017. Demand contracted across all segments, but heavy and buses saw the highest drops. Both (+6.7%) and (+1.9%) posted growth, while registrations of new commercial vehicles fell in (-12.1%), the (-9.5%) and (-4.4%).

Overall in 2018, EU demand for commercial vehicles went up by 3.2% compared to 2017, marking the sixth consecutive year of growth. Roughly 2.5 million commercial vehicles were registered across the , representing the highest volume on record since 2007. Demand declined in Italy (-4.1%) and the UK (-1.9%), but the Spanish (+6.5%), French (+4.9%) and German (+4.6%) markets performed very well in 2018.

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New light commercial vehicles (LCV) up to 3.5t

In December, registrations of light commercial vehicles were 2.4% lower than one year ago. Among the major EU markets, Spain (+9.9%) posted the highest increase, followed by France (+2.9%). At the same time, demand for new vans slowed down in Italy (-11.5%), the UK (-8.8%) and Germany (-3.2%).

In 2018, new van registrations surpassed the two-million mark for the first time since 2007, recording a 3.1% increase compared to 2017. Spain (+7.8%), Germany (+5.4%) and France (+4.6%) posted growth, while demand for light commercial vehicles contracted both in the United Kingdom (-1.3%) and Italy (-6.0%).

New heavy commercial vehicles (HCV) of 16t and over

December 2018 results in the heavy truck segment were significantly lower (-12.8%) than in December 2017. With the exception of France (+1.5%), all major markets faced declines − with Spain (-24.3%), Italy (-22.8%) and Germany (-12.2%) posting double-digit drops.

2018 was a positive year for heavy truck registrations, despite the slowdown observed in December. Overall 305,811 new vehicles were registered across the EU during the year, or 3.1% more than in 2017. The United Kingdom (-5.4%) and Spain (-4.2%) saw demand for heavy trucks decline last year, but France (+9.1%), Italy (+5.0%) and Germany (+3.1%) contributed positively to full-year EU growth.

New medium and heavy commercial vehicles (MHCV) over 3.5t

In December 2018, EU demand for new trucks decreased by 11.6% compared to the same month one year ago. Among the five big markets, the French was the only one to show a slight increase (+1.0%). By contrast, Italy (-18.1%), Spain (-17.7%), the UK (-11.5%) and Germany (-9.9%) all recorded strong declines.

Last year, new truck registrations across the European Union grew by 3.5% compared to 2017. Full-year results were diverse among the five key EU markets. France (+8.1%), Italy (+5.1%) and Germany (+2.9%) posted positive results in 2018, but truck demand fell in the UK (-4.0%) and Spain (-2.0%).

New medium and heavy buses & coaches (MHBC) over 3.5t

December results showed a strong decline (-13.4%) in bus and coach registrations. France saw the highest drop (-46.2%), followed by the United Kingdom (-27.5%) and Spain (-16.7%). By contrast, demand for buses increased in Germany (+5.4%) and Italy (+5.0%) during the last month of 2018.

Overall in 2018 41,992 buses and coaches were registered across the EU, up 1.3% compared to the year before. Growth was largely driven by the Central European markets (+18.6%), giving full-year EU results a crucial boost. On the other hand, all major Western European markets contracted in 2018 − with the exception of Italy, which recorded strong growth (+36.7%).


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