27.8 C
New York
Wednesday, August 10, 2022

China banks’ household loans soar as shadow lending squeezed

China banks' household loans soar as shadow lending squeezed© Reuters. A Chinese national flag flutters in front of an apartment tower in the southern Chinese city of Shenzhen

By Engen Tham and Sumeet Chatterjee

SHANGHAI/HONG KONG (Reuters) – Chinese lenders’ short-term household loans almost doubled last month from a year ago, according to central bank data, as regulators clamp down on other opaque forms of borrowing to tame risks linked to a vast shadow banking sector.

New short-term household lending, which includes credit card debt and car loans, rose more than 80 percent to 202.8 billion yuan ($30.65 billion) in November from a year ago, and nearly trebled from the previous month.

China, the world’s second-largest economy, has been cracking down on risks to the financial system due to excessive leverage, and has recently zeroed in on fast-growing, loosely-regulated micro-lenders that make unsecured cash loans.

The crackdown on micro-lenders followed warnings from the authorities on rising household debt, which includes mortgages and consumer loans.

The jump in demand for bank short-term household loans also comes against a backdrop of Beijing trying to temper speculation in the property market by tightening the loan-to-value ratios for mortgage loans in some cities.

The tighter mortgage rules have led to the widespread ‘re-purposing’ of short-term household loans for the deposit a homebuyer has to make to get mortgage, say analysts and people familiar with the matter.

“Short-term lending growth really starts to pick up just as property (purchase) controls start to weigh on long-term lending growth,” said Julian Evans-Pritchard, an economist at Capital Economics.

The surge in such loans suggests that “households are finding ways around some of those mortgage restrictions using short-term credit,” he added.

China has launched probes into consumer loans that are being misused for home purchases, warning they can’t be used to “fuel property bubbles”, a senior banking official said in September.


Short-term household credit has also become more accessible, with Chinese lenders swapping struggling corporate borrowers for more promising retail borrowers as this carries relatively lower risk to their balance sheet and asset quality.

“It’s hard to bring it down because it’s convenient for banks … it’s cheap in terms of capital and in terms of provision,” said Alicia García Herrero, chief economist for Asia Pacific at Natixis.

“Of course, it could create problems down the road because there’s too much concentration on the mortgage loan,” she noted. “We’re not there yet because this (household loans) is only 30-plus percent of Chinese banks’ loan books.”

Chinese household debt-to-GDP rose to 47 percent in the second quarter of this year from 39 percent in the same period two years ago, according to the Bank for International Settlements.

Household loans as a proportion of overall China bank lending is expected to grow by a quarter this year, versus 7 percent growth for corporate loans, according to a Natixis report. The bad loan ratio of household debt is significantly lower than it is for businesses.

Short-term household lending is “one area of banks’ business they’ve been able to keep growing and which regulators have been supportive of,” said Evans-Pritchard.

Disclaimer: Fusion Media would like to remind you that the data contained in this website is not necessarily real-time nor accurate. All CFDs (stocks, indexes, futures) and Forex prices are not provided by exchanges but rather by market makers, and so prices may not be accurate and may differ from the actual market price, meaning prices are indicative and not appropriate for trading purposes. Therefore Fusion Media doesn`t bear any responsibility for any trading losses you might incur as a result of using this data.

Fusion Media or anyone involved with Fusion Media will not accept any liability for loss or damage as a result of reliance on the information including data, quotes, charts and buy/sell signals contained within this website. Please be fully informed regarding the risks and costs associated with trading the financial markets, it is one of the riskiest investment forms possible.

Source: Investing.com

Related Articles


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Stay Connected

- Advertisement -

Latest Articles

Popular Articles