© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: FA worker loads copper cathodes into a warehouse near Yangshan Deep Water Port, south of Shanghai, China, March 23, 2012. REUTERS/Carlos Barria/File Photo
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(Fixes text in chart on China’s spot premium for refined copper)
By Mai Nguyen and Siyi Liu
HANOI/BEIJING (Reuters) – The copper spot premium in top consumer China could stay elevated in the next few months, analysts and traders said on Friday, as demand for the metal has improved on the back of government stimulus.
The spot premium for refined copper was at 605 yuan ($85.36) a tonne on Thursday, up from 50 yuan a tonne at the end of last year. Earlier this month, it hit 825 yuan, the highest since November 2021.
The premium, which is paid on top of copper prices listed on exchanges, gives an indication of the supply/demand balance in China’s physical copper market.
China has in the past few months issued trillions of yuan worth of loans and spending on infrastructure, a heavy user of copper, as it seeks to revive its economy which has been battered by COVID-19 restrictions and a global economic slowdown.
“The Chinese commercial property market has been badly hurt especially for this year, but other sectors are looking good… the copper premium will still be at a relatively high level,” said He Tianyu, China copper analyst at consultancy CRU Group.
Refined copper demand in China rose 5% year-on-year in the third quarter, and is seen accelerating to a 9% year-on-year growth in October-December, he said.
Average utilisation rates at copper wire-rod mills in China rose to 70% currently, from 62% at the beginning of August, and the rate at copper tube plants rose to 67% from 64% during the same period, he added.
In manufacturing industry, another major copper consumer, official data showed September factory activity unexpectedly returned to growth after two months of contraction.
“The Chinese market has found support from improving demand, which contrasts with poor demand in non-Chinese markets and would keep the import arbitrage window open,” a China-based metals trader said.
The Yangshan premium, which reflects demand for imported copper into China, rose to $108 a tonne on Thursday, close to the $112.50 level hit on Aug. 19, the highest since October last year.
Graphic: China’s spot premium for refined copper is expected to stay elevated in Q4 https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/ce/zgpomqkzbpd/copper%20premium%201.png
China imported 2.37 million tonnes of refined copper in the first eight months of 2022, up 7.4% year on year, official data showed.
A Chinese copper tube maker expected more purchases after China’s National Day holiday, which lasts from Oct. 1 to Oct. 7.
Tight supply is also helping the premium.
Visible inventories in China, including metals in Shanghai Futures Exchange and China bonded warehouses, were at a record low of 118,697 tonnes combined.
Stockpile in ShFE and the London Metal Exchange warehouses together were 171,797 tonnes, equivalent to just 2.5 days of global consumption.
“Spot premium won’t come down anytime soon as the supply in both domestic and overseas markets will remain tight,” the metals trader said.
Graphic: China copper inventories in warehouses with visible data fall to historic lows https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/ce/myvmndkaepr/copper%20inventories.png
In August, Chinese copper cathode output fell short of expectation due to power curbs in Zhejiang and Anhui provinces, COVID-19 restrictions and tight scrap supply, state-backed research house Antaike said in a report on Sep. 9.
Supply disruptions due to liquidity issues at Maike, China’s top copper importer, also caused some tightness in the market, CRU’s He said.
However, the market has remained volatile as a stronger dollar, helped by monetary tightening in the United States, could make copper more expensive to import and hurt the import premium, said another metals trader.
($1 = 7.0875 yuan)
(This story refiles to correct text in chart on China’s spot premium for refined copper)