REFINERY NEWS ROUNDUP: South Africa looks at building new refinery

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London —
South will prioritize building a new refinery to meet its growing energy demand, the country’s Minister of Mineral Resources and Energy said.

Speaking at the Africa Oil Week virtual conference, Gwede Mantashe said he is focused on attracting more investment to the country’s oil and gas sector, which has seen renewed enthusiasm after a major gas discovery in 2019.

The country’s Central Energy Fund is continuing to engage with on building a new oil refinery in Richards Bay. The minister said pre-feasibility studies are being carried out and that he hopes to hear a positive outcome from the Saudi Aramco evaluation.

“South Africa needs a new crude oil refinery,” he said. “The scale of petroleum product imports and existing capacity in our refineries make it a necessity.”

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Early last year, Saudi Aramco confirmed it was looking to build a new oil refinery and petrochemical plant in South Africa as part of the Kingdom’s $10 billion investment there.

Meanwhile it emerged that South Africa’s Engen is “considering several options with regards to the Engen refinery” although no decision has been made. The company also noted it “remains fully committed to operating the Engen refinery in a safe and reliable manner.” Local media reported that Engen is considering whether to close its refinery in Durban in 2023 and convert it into a fuel storage facility and has started consultation with employees about increasing the import and supply capacity.

ONGOING MAINTENANCE

Refinery

Capacity b/d

Country

Owner

Unit

Duration

Ras Lanuf

220,000

Libya

NOC

Restart

Pending

Zawiya

120,000

Libya

NOC

Part

Jan’20

Limbe

72,000

Cameroon

Sonara

Full

Jun’19

Cape Town

100,000

South Africa

Astron Energy

Full

Feb

Khartoum

100,000

Sudan

Joint

Full

Dec

Pointe Noire

27,000

Congo

CORAF

Full

2021

Indeni

24,000

Zambia

Zambia

Full

2022

UPGRADES

Warri

125,000

Nigeria

NNPC

Overhaul

N/A

Kaduna

110,000

Nigeria

NNPC

Overhaul

N/A

Port Harcourt

210,000

Nigeria

NNPC

Overhaul

N/A

Indeni

24,000

Zambia

Zambia

Upgrade

N/A

Luanda

65,000

Angola

Sonangol

Upgrade

2021

Pointe Noire

25,000

Congo

CORAF

Upgrade

2022

Dakar

24,000

Senegal

Joint

Expansion

N/A

MIDOR

100,000

Egypt

EGPC

Expansion

2022

Assiut

90,000

Egypt

ASORC

Upgrade

2020

Suez

68,000

Egypt

Suez company

Upgrade

N/A

Pointe Noire

27,000

Congo

CORAF

Upgrade

2022

LAUNCHES

Dangote

650,000

Nigeria

Dangote Ind

Launch

2022

Hassi Messaoud

100,000

Sonatrach

Launch

2021-22

Tiaret

100,000

Algeria

Sonatrach

Launch

2021-22

Kenya

NA

Kenya

Government

Launch

NA

Ghana

150,000

Ghana

Government

Launch

NA

Takoradi

150,000

Ghana

Joint

Launch

NA

Lobito

200,000

Angola

Joint

Launch

2025

Cabinda

60,000

Angola

Joint

Launch

2021

Soyo

100,000

Angola

Joint

Launch

2024

Albert Graben

60,000

Uganda

Government

Launch

2023

Unity state

8,000

South Sudan

Safinat

Launch

2020

Condensate

200,000

Nigeria

NNPC

Launch

NA

Red Sea Coast

200,000

Sudan

Government

Launch

NA

Nigeria/Niger

NA

Nigeria

Government

Launch

NA

Ndola

NA

Zambia

NA

Launch

2025

Morocco

100,000

Morocco

Joint

Launch

NA

Punta Europa

10,000

Equatorial Guinea

Joint

Launch

NA

Cogo

10,000

Equatorial Guinea

Joint

Launch

NA

Kamsar

12,000

Guinea

Brahms

Launch

NA

Waltersmith

5,000

Nigeria

Joint

Launch

2020

Benin

NA

Benin

Government

Launch

NA

Paloch

40,000

South Sudan

Trinity Energy

Launch

NA

Near-term maintenance

New and revised entries

** Zambia’s Indeni refinery, which has remained closed for over two months, is still awaiting crude, a spokesman from the plant said Oct. 20. A crude or feedstock shipment is expected to be delivered to the refinery in the next one or two weeks, after which operations will resume, he said. The 1970s-built refinery needs rehabilitation, and the government has been looking to sell it to private investors. Five companies had been shortlisted but the process was stalled as a result of the coronavirus pandemic.

** Libya’s Zawiya oil refinery is expected to resume operations soon following the restart of the 300,000 b/d Sharara field, state-owned National Oil Corporation said Oct. 12. NOC said the refinery units are gradually getting in a position to resume operations after the plant was shut in mid-January, following the eight-month long oil blockade. The refinery relies on crude from the Sharara and El Feel fields, which are pumped via pipeline. In late-December, the refinery was the target of an airstrike, but the refinery has been running at around 60,000 b/d prior to that, only operating one of its crude distillation units.

Existing entries

** Nigeria plans to kick-start the upgrade program of its four dilapidated refineries in 2021 after the coronavirus pandemic delayed repair works, the head of state-owned Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation said Oct. 6. Mele Kyari, NNPC’s group managing director, confirmed that the financing deals, and the engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contracts for the refinery rehabilitation program are being ironed out. Kyari said repair works at the refineries in Port Harcourt are scheduled to begin early next year followed by repairs at the Warri and Kaduna plants. The rehabilitation program could take around 18-24 months, he added. NNPC, which manages the refineries, first shut the two refineries in Port Harcourt in March 2019 after it secured the service of Italy’s Maire Tecnimont to handle the overhaul of the facilities, with oil major Eni appointed as technical adviser. The Warri and Kaduna refineries were shut in December last year.

** South Africa’s Cape Town refinery remains offline and “it remains too early to determine” when it can safely restart, Astron Energy said. The refinery, previously known as Caltex, halted production after an and fire broke out at the facility on July 2. The Cape Town refinery was slated to restart in early July, after having been shut since February for scheduled maintenance. The subsequent nationwide lockdown in March to the works being delayed, with the originally targeted end-April restart delayed to July. Astron Energy said that an investigation is going on into the incident and the team “looks to complete its remaining activities in the coming weeks.” ** Sudan’s Khartoum refinery has postponed its planned maintenance to December, CITAC Africa reported. It was previously set to carry out works from around mid-September.

** Ghana’s sole oil refinery Tema CDU currently only has one furnace and was until recently operating near the 25,000-30,000 b/d level. The residual fluid catalytic cracker has been down for a few months. The plant has been hit by several issues over the past few years, experiencing intermittent outages at its CDU and FCC units.

** The refinery in Pointe Noire, Republic of Congo, will go into turnaround in 2021, but dates have not been finalized.

** Cameroon’s Limbe refinery, which suffered from a fire at the end of May 2019, remains offline, according to sources. Local media reported the restart is not expected until 2021. During a Russia-Africa summit officials said that Russian companies could get involved in the reconstruction of the plant.

** Libya’s Ras Lanuf remains offline without any timeline for its restart. The refinery was shut in 2013.

Upgrades

New and revised entries

** The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development has recently reviewed a provision of up to $250 million sovereign loan to the Alexandria Petroleum Company to finance resources and energy efficiency investments and other modernization investments. The project, which is estimated at $647 million, aims to improve the refinery’s efficiency while enhancing its productivity from increasing its output of Euro 5 diesel. It includes the installation of a new vapor recovery unit, continuous emissions monitoring system and a burner management system. Currently there is environmental and social due diligence ongoing, the EBRD said, adding that the status of the project will be updated once the due diligence is completed. The expansion program at Egypt’s state-owned Middle East Oil Refinery near Alexandria, is on track for 2022, which will push capacity to 160,000 b/d. Once the revamp is complete, the refinery will produce Euro 5 specification refined products, S&P Global Platts has reported previously.

Existing entries

** TechnipFMC said it has signed an engineering, procurement and construction contract for a new hydrocracker at Egypt’s Assiut refinery. The contract includes process units such as vacuum distillation, diesel hydrocracker, delayed coker, distillate hydrotreater and a hydrogen production facility, as well as interconnection. It will transform lower value products into approximately 2.8 million mt/year of cleaner products, such as Euro 5 diesel. Egypt is in the process of upgrading its refineries. The upgrade at Assiut includes the installation of 880,000 mt/year continuous catalytic reforming and isomerization complex, a 400,000 mt/year vapor recovery unit and 2.3 million mt/year hydrocracker, Platts has reported previously.

** The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development approved a $50 million loan for an upgrade of Egypt’s Suez refinery aimed at introducing cleaner fuel and reducing CO2 emissions. It was the second loan by EBRD, which aims to “increase the flexibility of the plant’s crude intake and allow for the production of higher quality fuels and lower sulfur fuels.” ** Italy’s Kinetics Technology has been awarded a contract to build a fluid catalytic cracker at Angola’s sole oil refinery in Luanda. The unit would take around two-and-a-half years to complete. Sonangol is working with Eni for the refurbishment of the Luanda plant. The construction of the fluid catalytic cracker at the Luanda refinery will enable it to produce 1,200 mt/day of gasoline, up from current output of 380 mt/day. The unit is expected to come online mid-2021.

** Cote d’Ivoire’s SIR has secured a Eur577 million ($657 million) debt financing deal from Africa Finance Corporation, or AFC, which will help fund the upgrade of the refinery.

** Senegal’s Dakar refinery is planning to increase capacity to 1.5 million mt/year.

Launches

New and revised entries

** The 650,000 b/d Dangote refinery in Lagos, Nigeria — set to be Africa’s largest — is “more than 70% complete,” an official from Dangote Industries said Oct. 7. Speaking at the virtual African Refiners’ Association event, Babajide A. Soyode, who works as a technical consultant for the refinery, said work was progressing “very well” though he conceded the coronavirus pandemic had led to some delays. Soyode, however, refused to give a specific start-up date for the refinery. Last month, Nigeria-based industry sources told S&P Global Platts that the refinery was unlikely to come in stream until 2022 due to delays caused by the pandemic. The start-up date of this refinery has been repeatedly delayed, after the company first announced the project in 2013. Soyode said the plant was initially planning to run a mixture of crudes with a focus on Nigerian light sweet grades. He said the crude distillation unit had been designed to process 12 crudes at one time and had been engineered to process three Nigerian crude grades such as Escravos, Bonny Light and Forcados. But he said the plant would focus on using a wide array and quality of crudes. The plant will yield 327,000 b/d of gasoline, 244,000 b/d of gasoil/diesel, 56,000 b/d of jet fuel/kerosene as well as 290,000 mt a year of propane/ when fully operational, Soyode added. It will also produce 830,000 mt/year of polypropylene, 600,000 mt/year of slurry, 290,000 mt/year of propane and 38,000 mt/year of sulfur.

** South Sudanese company Trinity Energy, a distributor of oil products, plans to build a new refinery in the north east of South Sudan near the oil field Paloch, according to media reports. The construction of the 40,000 b/d refinery in close proximity to the oil field would avoid the cost for transporting crude oil. It would also supply the local market and potentially export to Ethiopia and Sudan.

Existing entries

** Uganda expects its new Albertine Graben refinery to be launched in 2024 but in the meantime is exploring options on how to fund its 40% stake in the facility. The Albertine Graben Refinery Consortium, led by Italy’s Saipem, owns the remaining 60% in the refinery. The government is looking at various options, including its consolidated fund, the Export Agencies and commercial banks, according to the minister of energy and mineral development, Goretti Kitutu. The government is estimated at $500 million. Meanwhile, front-end engineering design work on the project is 70% complete, while the signing of a final investment decision for the new plant is now expected in 2022, Kitutu said. Meanwhile, an environmental and social impact awareness assessment for the refinery has started, after the government extended the deadline for its completion by an additional 17 months, according to media reports. Following the completion of the assessment, the consortium is expected to sign a final investment decision. The FID was initially planned for 2019, while the completion of the refinery was expected in 2023, S&P Global Platts has previously reported.

** Site work for Angola’s Cabinda refinery is due to start shortly, after the demining committee delivered a certificate, according to local media report. Approximately 330 hectares have been demined in seven months, ANGOP news agency said. Hence the construction, which was initially planned for August, could start shortly. Gemcorp signed a contract with state-owned Sonangol in January 2020 to build the 60,000 b/d capacity refinery, S&P Global Platts reported earlier. The first phase of the Cabinda refinery project will complete by late 2021, starting with a capacity of 30,000 b/d, Gemcorp said in a statement. An additional 30,000 b/d of capacity will be added in a second phase, along with installation of a reformer that will convert straight run naphtha to gasoline. In the third phase it plans to add a hydrocracker by 2023 and produce diesel.

** Equatorial Guinea’s 5,000 b/d modular oil refinery project is expected to receive a final investment decision in the first quarter of next year, the Ministry of Mines and Hydrocarbons said Sept. 22. The ministry confirmed that a feasibility study undertaken by Houston-based VFuels Oil & Gas Engineering had “concluded satisfactorily” and a seminar involving operators, investors and all stakeholders of the project took place on Sept. 18. This will be the first refinery for the OPEC member, which currently relies on imports for all its fuel needs. The refinery will use condensate from the countries Alba and Alen fields, the ministry added. Earlier in the year, Minister for Mines and Hydrocarbons Gabriel Obiang Lima said he was hoping to build two modular refineries in the country, one at the Punta Europa complex on Bioko Island, and the other at Cogo on the mainland.

** Nigeria’s first modular oil refinery, built in the Imo state located in the restive Niger Delta region, will come on stream on Oct. 14, the Nigerian Content Development and Monitoring Board (NCDMB) said late Sept. 16. NCDMB, which is one of the owners of the refinery along with Waltersmith Petroman Oil, said the initial production of the plant will focus on diesel. The plant will start out loading 23 trucks of refined products per day, “having concluded off-take arrangements with select firms,” the statement said. Abdulrasaq Isah, the chairman of Waltersmith Petroman Oil, said the plant will eventually try to increase capacity to 50,000 b/d in various phases. “We have started with the first module which is 5,000 b/d. The next module will be 25,000 b/d. Then the finale module will be 50,000 b/d,” he added.

** State-owned Nigerian National Petroleum Corp. is close to taking final investment decision with some investors to build a 50,000 b/d condensate refinery. NNPC signed the front-end engineering design for the construction of the plant — which will be located in the Niger Delta — with engineering firm KBR. NNPC is partnered in the project by indigenous oil producer Seplat Petroleum. NNPC first announced in August 2018 plans to build a condensate refinery with capacity to refine 200,000 b/d of the condensate oil produced by the country.

** Algerian state-owned Sonatrach expects to commission the Hassi Messaoud refinery in the second half of 2024, a slight to the previous timeline, the country’s energy minister Abdelmadjid Attar told S&P Global Platts on July 29. Construction launched at the beginning of the year, and when complete, the refinery will increase Algeria’s crude oil processing capacity to 31 million mt/year, Attar said. Sonatrach has contracted with Spanish and South Korean consortium Technicas Reunidas-Samsung Engineering to build the new Hassi Messaoud refinery. The consortium had been expected to deliver the refinery in the first half of 2024. Attar, a former Sonatrach CEO who was named energy minister in June, said the state company has also finalized front-end engineering and design studies for two projects at the Skikda refinery: a fuel cracker for diesel production and a naphtha processing unit for gasoline production. However, Attar said investment decisions on refinery projects in Biskra and Tiaret would not be made before 2025, as Algeria reviews its long-term energy strategy. Attar’s predecessor, Mohamed Arkab, had announced in June that the Tiaret refinery would be launched in 2022. Hassi Messaoud, Biskra and Tiaret had been part of the government’s 2021-24 oil sector plan, with each refinery intended to have a 5 million mt/year capacity. Technical, architectural and land development studies had been completed for the facilities in 2017.

** Commissioning of the Bentiu refinery, South Sudan, which was slated to start operation late last year, has been delayed as engineers were evacuated from the site due to fears of an escalation of the pandemic, Daniel Chuang, undersecretary in the ministry of petroleum, said July 20. Safinat, the main investor and implementer of the Bentiu refinery project in South Sudan, said earlier this year that the refinery has not started yet. Construction at the refinery in the Unity oil field started in August 2013 and precommissioning and production began in 2014, although it was subsequently damaged during military action. Restoration works on the site started in December 2018 but it was dependent on assistance from the government to minimize risks. South Sudan officials had previously said they expected the refinery to be operational in 2019.

** Benin is looking to launch the construction of a new refinery, according to a local media report. The project has been presented at the government meeting. A committee will look at the feasibility studies for the project and will also analyze the market prospects until 2030. The project will be developed as a public-private partnership. Apart from supplying the local market the refinery would also contribute to supplying other countries in the region.

** Angola’s oil ministry has postponed the announcement of the winner of the Soyo refinery tender due to the coronavirus outbreak. The winner of the tender for building the refinery will be announced after the coronavirus outbreak is controlled, according to local media reports. The company to build the new Soyo refinery was due to be announced in March. Out of 31 interested companies, 15 have submitted bids in a tender for the construction of Soyo, the country’s ANGOP news agency reported previously. Nine of the bids have been validated. The tender was launched in October. The refinery is expected to be completed in about three to four years. The selected company or joint venture will finance the construction of the plant on a build-operate-transfer (BOT) basis. The new plant, along with ones under consideration in Lobito in Benguela province and in Cabinda, is part of the government’s plan to transform its downstream sector. This also involves refurbishing the refinery in Luanda.

** Africa Finance Corporation has signed an agreement with Brahms Oil Refineries Ltd to co-develop a refinery and storage terminal in the West African country. The deal means AFC will work on the development and subsequent financing of a petroleum storage and associated refinery project in Kamsar, Guinea. This will include a 12,000 b/d modular refinery, a 76,000 cu m crude oil storage terminal, a 114,200 cu m storage terminal for refined products, and ancillary transportation infrastructure. Guinea currently has no refineries and is entirely dependent on imports from neighboring Ivory Coast and Senegal for its fuel needs.

** Russian state development bank VEB has signed investment cooperation deals with African organizations including on financing a refinery in Morocco. The deals were signed during a Russia-Africa Summit. VEB said the memorandum on the oil refinery in Morocco was signed with the Russian Export Group and Morocco’s MYA Energy, part of the Marita Group. The refinery has a planned capacity of up to 5 million mt/year. Morocco’s sole refiner Samir was forced to halt processing at the Mohammedia plant in 2015 after crude oil deliveries were delayed due to financial problems. Since then attempts to resume operations or find an investor have been unsuccessful.

** Sonaref’s Joaquim de Sousa Fernandes, chairman of the executive council, said that the Lobito refinery in Angola is aimed for completion in 2025. The construction of the Lobito refinery has been frozen due to high costs. Sonangol has been under pressure to build a new refinery as it heavily depends on imports for its fuel requirements, but it canceled the Lobito project in 2016. It has indicated plans for building Lobito have been revived, for a 200,000 b/d plant.

** A consortium of Russian investors is planning a $4 billion project for a new refinery in Northern Zambia at the site of the country’s aging state-owned Indeni plant.

** Russian state-owned exploration company Rosgeologia is considering building the Red Sea Coast refinery in Port Sudan, which would supply landlocked countries in Africa. Sudan had begun discussions to develop a 200,000 b/d refinery on its Red Sea coast. The project’s timeline has not yet been disclosed. The only refinery currently operating in the country is the Khartoum, after the Port Sudan refinery closed in 2013 and was decommissioned.

** Nigeria has reached an agreement with neighbor Niger to build an oil refinery in a border town between Niger and Katsina state in northern Nigeria.

** Kenya is hoping to decide soon on the location for a new refinery in either Lamu or Mombasa.

** Ghana’s ministry of energy is in the process of submitting a proposal to build a new refinery in Tema. It will replace the 45,000 b/d Tema Oil Refinery. Separately, the government had set its sights on building a 150,000 b/d refinery in Takoradi.

Author

Elza Turner

Editor

Debiprasad Nayak

Oil

Source: Platts

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